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2019 Nobel Prize in Physics awarded


Photo released on Oct 8, 2019 is James Peebles, who was announced as the winner of the Nobel Prize in Physics. [Photo/IC]


The 2019 Nobel Prize in Physics has been won by three scientists for their work on understanding our universe.


Canadian-born Princeton University professor James Peebles won one half of the prize "for theoretical discoveries in physical cosmology". The other half of this year's prize was won jointly by Swiss scientists Michel Mayor and Didier Queloz, both professors at the University of Geneva, who were honored "for the discovery of an exo-planet orbiting a solar-type star".


Mats Larrson, chairman of the committee that awarded the prize, said their work helped in "the development of our understanding of the universe and the Earth's place in it".


He said the discovery of planets in the universe that have conditions that are similar to those on Earth "was a revelation that forever changed our view of the Earth's place in the universe".


The prize, which is widely considered to be most prestigious award a scientist can receive in the field of physics, will be physically presented at a lavish event in The Concert Hall in Stockholm, Sweden, on Dec 10, the anniversary of the death of Alfred Nobel, the Swedish businessman and scientist after whom the awards are named and whose vast fortune has funded them.


Peebles, who was born in 1935, said he has spent 50 years studying his field and noted that it has grown rapidly during that time and that he has "grown with it".


He said such awards can inspire the next generation of scientists but that "you should enter it for the love of the science".

"The awards and prizes, they are charming and very much appreciated, but that's not part of your plans," he said. "You should enter science because you're fascinated by it."


The prize was announced by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, as it is each year, and is given annually in recognition of those who have made the most outstanding contributions on behalf of all mankind in the field of physics.


The winners will share 738,000 pounds ($900,000) of prize money.


The prize is one of the original five Nobel Prizes set up in 1901. The others are the prize in chemistry, literature, medicine, and the Nobel Peace Prize.


Past winners of the prize in physics, which has now been awarded 210 times, have been honored for their work in discovering X-rays, the properties of nuclear energy, and the understanding of magnetic fields, among other things. Past winners include such luminaries as Albert Einstein, Marie Curie, and Guglielmo Marconi.


The winners of the prize in physics are selected by a committee each year following the polling of 3,000 key people, including university professors and past winners, who suggest names that are whittled down to a shortlist of about 15 candidates.


The Nobel Prize winners are announced at a series of events at this time of year with the Nobel Peace Prize conferred by the Norwegian Nobel Committee.



Source: China Daily



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